Dark skin and darker complexion are the new norm for India’s newborns.
The trend has become prevalent in the country as India continues to embrace the practice of birth in darkness.
The darker skin and lighter complexion of newborns is a new trend in the world of birth and adoption.
Newborns born in India have become the first in the developed world to be given birth in dark surroundings.
According to data from the Centre for Research on Family Planning and Demography (CRDF), India has a prevalence of around 35 per cent in the first three months of life.
However, this percentage rises to 46 per cent by the third month and 65 per cent at the fifth month.
In terms of the prevalence of dark skin and dark complexion in India, data from 2010-11 shows that India has the second-highest prevalence of darker skin in the nation.
In this year’s census, India had the highest percentage of darker-skinned infants in the population with a whopping 91 per cent of the total newborns being darker-skeletal.
Data from India’s Census 2011 reveals that in the second quarter of 2010, there were 4.4 million births in India.
In the fourth quarter, the number of births rose to 5.6 million.
The census figures reveal that there were over 4.5 million babies born in the fifth quarter of 2011.
According to the CRDF data, Indian newborns have the highest incidence of dark-skin and darker skin at a rate of 26.2 per cent and 27.5 per cent respectively.
India’s overall incidence of darker than average skin and skin colour is at about 28.6 per cent.
The incidence of infant skin pigmentation is also increasing.
In 2010-2011, India recorded its highest incidence rate of infant pigmentation at 21 per cent compared to the 21.5 percent recorded in 2000-2001.
In India, infant pigments are most commonly found in the black population.
The CRDF figures also reveal that, in the fourth quarters of 2010- 2011, the incidence of pigmentation of newborn infants was at an alarming level at 35 per year.
According, a study by the Centre on Aging and Disability Research Institute (CAERRI) suggests that infant skin colour may be a marker of poor health, disability and socio-economic status in newborns in India and suggests that the dark skin of newborn babies may be used as a marker to help monitor progress towards better quality of life and life expectancy.
A study by CAERRI conducted by the University of Cambridge has revealed that the darker the skin of a newborn infant, the greater the probability that the baby will suffer from poor health in the years ahead.
The study shows that the higher the percentage of dark pigmentation in the newborn infant’s skin, the higher chance that the child will suffer poor health for a prolonged period.
The researchers from CAERRE and the University, of London, found that the likelihood of poor development for newborns was higher in the lower pigmentation categories of the newborns skin than in the higher pigmentation ones.
This finding indicates that the risk of premature mortality in the infant population in India may be higher due to the darker pigmentation than in other developed countries.
However, it also suggests that there is some room for improvement in the health of newborn children as well as the way in which they are cared for.
The dark skin that a newborn baby receives is a result of the environment that is used during the birth process.
During the birth, the baby is often exposed to high-level environmental pollutants such as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), chlorophyll, oxygen and ammonia.
It is also the result of a mother giving birth to a baby that has been deprived of oxygen for a considerable period of time.
While the incidence rate for dark pigmented newborns and infants is highest in India’s urban centres, the prevalence is lowest in rural areas.
According the CRPF data, the highest prevalence of pigmented neonates was recorded in the village of Gwalior in Rajasthan.
It was followed by Chandigarh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Maharashtra and Delhi.
In Rajasthani districts, the rate of pigments for pigmented infants was the highest at 37.9 per cent, followed by Uttar Pradesh at 30.4 per cent; Delhi at 28.9 and Bihar at 26.4.
In all the Indian states, the percentage was higher than the national average.
The incidence rate in the urban centres was 35.2.
In urban areas, it was followed closely by the districts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, where the rate was 25 per cent higher than national average of 20 per cent as per the census data.
In rural areas, the high prevalence of infant black pigmentation was observed in the districts such as Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, where it was the lowest in the whole country